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Interfaces in Nautobot represent network interfaces used to exchange data with connected devices.

More information on Interfaces is in the Interfaces section of the Nautobot documentation.

Interfaces can be added at the Device or the Device Type level:

  • Interfaces added to an individual Device are for that Device only
  • Interfaces added to the Device Type will be applied to all NEW implementations of that Device Type (not existing implementations)

Which one you select depends on your use case; in some instances you will need to use both, as in the example below.

Interface Add Example

Let’s take an example:

  • We want to define a Device Type of MX240-edge
  • This Device Type will have 20x 10G (xe-[0-1]/0/[0-9]) Interfaces and one LAG (ae0) Interface
  • The xe-0/0/9 and xe-1/0/9 Interfaces will be members of the ae0 Interface

Creating a Device Type

We are going to use the Device Type to achieve part of this goal. Using the Device Type will also provide repeatability because the Device Type object also serves as a template. This templating feature is demonstrated in this example.

Device Types can serve as templates for Devices, and as such the two are very similar. Here is a screenshot of a Device Type:

Device type example

Creating a Device Type is very similar to creating a Device.

To create a Device Type:

  1. Click on Devices on the left sidebar.
  2. Locate Device Types option in the drop-down menu
  3. Click on the + button to add a new Device Type
    • A Device Type requires a Manufacturer object to be created prior to creating the Device Type
    • Device Type requires Manufacturer, Model, and Height values at creation
    • In this example, name the Device Type APDU9941
  4. On the home page for the specific Device Type, click on +Add Components and select Interfaces

Create a device type

You will now see the Interface Template form:

  1. Add the ae0 Interface Template
    • Manufacturer will auto-populate to the Manufacturer of the Device Type you are editing
    • Device Type will auto-populate to the Device Type you are editing
    • Populate a Name
    • Select a Type of Link Aggregation Group (LAG) from the drop-down selector
    • Add a Description and Label (optional)
  2. Click Create and Add More
  3. Create the xe- Interfaces
    • This example shows bulk creation using a range (xe-[0-1]/0/[0-9]) in Name
    • Select the appropriate Type from the drop-down selector
  4. Click on Create

Create interface templates

Clicking the Create button will take you back to the home screen for the Device Type you are editing. There, you will see that the Interfaces tab now has the expected 21 Interfaces listed.

Example interface template


As of this writing (Nautobot 1.0.3), Interfaces cannot be assigned in to a LAG in the Device Type template; component Interfaces must be designated in the specific instantiation of a Device created from the Device Type.

Creating a New Device Using the Device Type

Create a new Device with these attributes:

  • Name = ang01-edge-01
  • Role select edge
  • Device type select APC APDU9941 (this will show up as a fusion of the Manufacturer (APC) for the Device Type and the Device Type (APDU9941) Names)
  • Location select ANGO1

On the main screen for the new Device, you will see an Interfaces tab with the expected Interfaces from the Device Type template:

Assign device type


Device Type properties only apply to new instantiations of Devices from the Type; Devices created prior to a modification of the Device Type will not inherit the changes retroactively

Specifying the LAG Components on the Device

As of this writing (Nautobot 1.0.3), LAG component Interfaces cannot be assigned in the Device Type template, so we will edit this new Device, specifying the component ae0 Interfaces.

  1. On the new Device's main page, select the appropriate Interfaces (xe-0/0/9 and xe-1/0/9) to be added to ae0 and click on the Edit button
  2. On the Editing Interfaces form, select ae0 in the Lag drop-down selector
  3. Click on Apply; you will be taken back to the main page for the Device

Edit LAG interface

On the Device's main page, notice that xe-0/0/9 and xe-1/0/9 are now assigned to the ae0 LAG:

LAG interface example